Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.

The center of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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