People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna metro.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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