Many of us have heard about catalytic converters and know vaguely that they can filter the exhaust fumes to lessen the amount of harmful compounds which can be released in to the environment. A lot of us may also be conscious that whenever they make a mistake it’s one of the more costly car repairs since it should be replaced as being a unit. Hopefully your catalytic converter will live a long and happy life, but just in case, here are a few information about these to help you discover why these are extremely important.
Just what is a catalytic converter?
As part of your car’s exhaust system, the catalytic converter sits beneath the car between your engine along with the muffler. Although it looks exactly like the muffler externally, inside is a core of ceramic beads covered with pores which are coated with certain catalysts. Such as palladium, platinum and rhodium. Platinum is an oxidation catalyst, rhodium can be a reduction catalyst and palladium does both.
How does it work?
The catalytic converter activly works to reduce the emission of harmful gases like deadly carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. Each of the gases from your engine move through the converter and the muffler. As they pass through the ceramic beads a compound reaction occurs which changes the gases into water vapour and other harmless gases. The oxidation catalysts convert the deadly carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons into co2 and water, while the reduction catalysts convert nitrogen oxide into its constituent aspects of nitrogen and oxygen.
How can they go wrong?
Catalytic converters can become clogged, but checking this is hard for your car or truck repair technician. It will will have to get removed to determine if the engine’s performance then improves; if it does then the it’s blocked. Signs which you might experience are sluggishness on acceleration and reduced gas mileage. The rest of your car could also increase the risk for converter to fail – bad exhaust valves or dodgy plugs resulting in unburned fuel overheating your catalytic converter. Finally, it could be effectively poisoned the use of the wrong fuel – leaded petrol in particular, even though this is less common seeing that new petrol cars are powered by unleaded fuel.
What might you do today to keep your catalytic converter in good condition?
While using the right fuel is important, rather than adding way too many fuel additives (you ought to avoid these generally speaking unless recommended from your garage). Ensuring the ignition product is functional could also help take care of the converter since it will minimize unburnt fuel getting from it.
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