Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna subway.

The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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