The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Metro Wien.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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