The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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