The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Metro Wien.
The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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