The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahnnetz Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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