Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Vienna subway map.

The center of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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